The Nelson class was a class of two battleships of the British Royal Navy, built shortly after, and under the terms of, the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. The heavier weight of the triple in comparison to a twin turret meant increased stresses on the roller bearings when training the turrets. Nelson and Rodney participated in the bombardment of targets in northern France during and after D-Day. This was attributed to the ships having a single centre rudder which was out the propeller race of the twin screws. [9] Despite the derisive criticism directed at this class of battleship by some of the media and some sailors upon their debut, naval historian Antony Preston considered that "they were soundly conceived ships reflecting all the hard-won experience of World War One" and that "they proved to be very well-protected and well-designed ships". Ship- HMS Rodney, Battleship, HMS Rodneyin Valletta Harbour, Malta during July 1943. HMS Nelson is a Tier VII premium British battleship. A great deal of effort was expended in correcting this problem, and fitting of protective ledges below the new smaller windows proved successful. Replica of the famous British WW2 Nelson-class Battleship. Where previous RN weapons fired heavy shells at a moderate velocity, the Nelson's weapons followed the German practice of a lighter shell at a higher velocity. Other than an emergency conning tower at its base, and the trunking for the main gun directors mounted on top, the superstructure was lightly armoured against splinters only, to save weight. HMS Nelson (pennant number 28) was one of two Nelson-class battleships built for the Royal Navy between the two World Wars. I also focused on the usability of the cannons, and built in a precision aiming mode to help land the 16-inch shells accurately. The outer hull plating was meant to initiate detonation of shells which would then explode outside the armour. The need to reduce displacement led to the use of triple mount turrets, which had early problems with the ammunition handling and loading machinery. 1 ship Nelson (RR Dabururea) booster pack fleet collection - ship this - 5th Phase [ Country of Manufacture ] If "Made in Japan" is NOT described on whole listing page, Items are … However, in the Nelsons, this was taken further and all three were in front of the bridge; "B" mount superfiring over "A", with "X" turret on the fo'c'sle deck behind "B", and therefore unable to fire directly forward or aft. Both ships of the class survived the war, but were scrapped in 1948–1949 along with all other British battleships except the four remaining King George V-class battleships and Vanguard. [4][5], The large superstructure which was octagonal in plan, was known to its crew as the "Octopoidal"[6] and was sometimes referred to as "Queen Anne's Mansions",[4] due to its similarity to Queen Anne's Mansions a 14-storey brick residential development of the that name, opposite St. James's Park underground railway station in London. She was named in honour of Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson the victor at the Battle of Trafalgar. The Nelson battleship class consisted of two ships, Nelson and Rodney. He reported no difficulty in navigating either ship through the boom gates at Scapa Flow. The four battlecruisers that had been ordered were cancelled. [3] The need to limit displacement resulted in a radical new warship design, drawing from the G3 and N3 designs. The Lord Nelson-class battleships were designed and built at a time when the direction of future battleship construction was controversial. The slope increased the relative thickness of the belt to a plunging projectile. The main turrets had 16 in (410 mm) Non-cemented (NC) armour on the faces, 11 in (280 mm) on the sides, 7.25 in (184 mm) on the roof and 9 in (230 mm) on the rear with 15 in (380 mm) around the barbettes. By the end of the war, the two ships had seen hard use without any significant refit or repair and were worn out, especially their machinery. The Nelson class ships were the first and only British ships to mount massive 16" guns, and both ships carried a total of 9 in three triple gun turrets!! G3 might have been a real fast battleship on par with the best of treaty battleships, but the treaty regime showed at the time the RN thought that, when discretionary frills were removed, being a cog in a fleet action remains the most essential requirement of the battleship. [3] This was disproved during the action against the German battleship Bismarck, where Rodney was able to fire upwards of 40 broadsides (380 shells) without major structural damage except to deck planking and upper deck fittings,[11] although damage to sickbay fittings, partition bulkheads, toilet bowls and plumbing in the forecastle was extensive. This innovation dispensed with external torpedo bulges which would otherwise have reduced the speed of the ships due to drag. [3] This was potentially a problem in crowded harbours, and made the ships somewhat difficult to dock and embark although this issue never led to a major incident. Galfrey Gatacre RAN (later Rear Admiral), who served in 1941-2 as the Navigator for both the Nelson and subsequently the Rodney. When 'X' turret was fired 30 degrees abaft the beam and elevation of 40 degrees, considerable damage occurred to the vertically stacked two rows of bridge windows. [2], By the end of the war, Rodney had seen hard use without any significant refit or repair and was worn out, especially her machinery. [4] This was potentially a problem in crowded harbours, and made the ships somewhat difficult to dock and embark although this issue never led to a major incident. They were the only British battleships built between the Revenge-class (ordered in 1913) and the King George V-class, ordered in 1936. The Nelson-class was a class of two battleships (Nelson and Rodney) of the British Royal Navy, built shortly after, and under the terms of, the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. [3][5], The machinery was of necessity limited in weight, size and installed power, and there were only two shafts with quite large screws. Although they were the last British pre-dreadnoughts, both were completed and commissioned well over a year after HMS Dreadnought had entered service in late 1906. Water filled compartments surrounded by air-filled torpedo bulges were fitted internally between the external hull of the ship which was not armoured. Commissioned in 1927–29, the Nelsons served extensively in the Atlantic, Mediterranean, and Indian oceans during World War II. Brown tells of a test firing that was suspended when DNC observer H.S. At the climax of the battle Rodney, in conjunction with King George V, closed on Bismarck to bombard her at short range. The Royal Navy was planning to hold its superiority in the burgeoning arms race, despite the large warships planned in Japan and the United States. [3], Development was abruptly curtailed by the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922, which brought the arms race to a halt. To comply with the limitations of the Washington treaty, these ships were of an unusual design with many novel features. To reduce the weight of armour, the main gun turrets were mounted all forward, shortening the necessary armoured citadel length. Fitting tempered glass in the bridge windows was tried, but gun blast still shattered some of them and filled the bridge with flying debris. Binney, Nelson's captain in the late twenties and later admiral in the Royal Navy also stated "In the early stages of the ship's first commission, there was a general misconception that the Nelson class were unhandy and difficult to manoeuvre. Nevertheless, these weapons were not generally considered by the RN to be as successful as the previous BL 15 inch Mark I; the BL 14-inch Mark VII, fitted to the subsequent King George V-class battleships, returned to a heavier (relatively) shell and lower velocity, but its performance was compromised by an over-complex mounting that proved to have reliability defects in combat. The design of the Captain's bridge was altered on Nelson circa 1930-33 to reduce the window area and enclose the upper portion of the previous two rows of glass. Firing trials revealed that the blast of 'A' and 'B' turrets on forward bearings caused damage to many weather-deck fittings and conditions on the mess-decks became very uncomfortable. Rodney was made famous by her role in the sinking of the German battleship Bismarck in May 1941. [2][4], The machinery was of necessity limited in weight, size and installed power, and there were only two shafts with quite large screws. Nelson-class battleship. They carried 3,770–3,805 long tons (3,830–3,866 t) of fuel oil to give them a designed range of 7,000 nautical miles (13,000 km; 8,100 mi) at a cruising speed of 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph). [2] The need to limit displacement resulted in a radical new warship design, drawn from the "G3" and "N3" designs of Eustace Tennyson-d'Eyncourt, Director of Naval Construction from 1912 to 1924. The Admiral's bridge on Rodney remained stepped back somewhat from the forward edge of the tower, but the Captain's bridge had the same reduced area of glass that Nelson now had, with larger ledges. Both my predecessor and myself (sic), however, very soon discovered that this opinion was entirely fallacious! To comply with the limitations of the Washington Treaty, these ships were of an unusual design with many novel features. [3] Blast was also a problem elsewhere; D.K. The problems with the Nelson class come with its guns. The ships were named after famous British admirals: George Brydges Rodney, 1st Baron Rodney of the Battle of Cape St. Vincent and Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson of the Battles of the Nile and Trafalgar. He reported no difficulty in navigating either ship through the boom gates at Scapa Flow. The sister ships exceeded their designed speed during their sea trials in 1927, reaching speeds of 23.6–23.8 knots (43.7–44.1 km/h; 27.2–27.4 mph) from 45,614–46,031 shp (34,014–34,325 kW). [6] Rodney also held the distinction of being the only battleship to have ever successfully torpedoed another battleship when one of its twelve 24" torpedoes hit Bismarck amidships. They had argued that having to protect the widespread British Empire meant their ships had to carry more of both and they should not be penalised compared to nations, such as Japan, France and Italy, that operated normally much closer to their home bases. Nelson and Rodney were the only battleships never to have bumped the boom gate vessel as they passed through Hoxa Sound.[11]. The superstructure provided spacious, weatherproof working spaces for the navigating officers and any flag officers embarked. Nelson participated in the bombardment of targets in northern France during and after the Normandy attack. The slope increased the relative thickness of the belt to a plunging projectile. Two different rifling rates were tried, and for sometime there was a mixture of barrel types in different turrets, even sometimes within the same turret. 'X' turret is sometimes referred to as 'C' turret and one alternative design had it superfiring over both 'A' & 'B' turrets. [4] The secondary guns were placed in totally enclosed director-controlled turrets at the main deck level and were grouped aft – another innovative element taken from the G3 and N3 design. The Lord Nelson class was designed to operate in tandem with the two smaller fast battleship designs, St. Andrew and Amagi class. They were the only British battleships built between the Revenge class (ordered in 1913) and the King George V class, ordered in 1936.. Some of the material acquired would later be used in Nelson and Rodney. The triple mount turret proved itself, when in October 1929, one turret crew with two years experience loaded and fired 33 rounds without mishap. To compensate for barrel wear muzzle velocities were reduced and a heavier (longer) shell was tried to offset this, but the cost of producing new shells, and modifying shell handling and storage equipment came at a time when RN funding had been heavily reduced. [9] Nelson had been refitted in the United States at the end of 1944 and was in sufficiently good condition to serve in the postwar fleet including a short spell as flagship of the Home Fleet at the end of 1945. Unlike the earlier battleship the Nelson was not equipped with any Linear Cannons; instead it would sport a cut-down weapons array of various lighter beam cannons supported by a heavy forward mounted torpedo bay. [3] It is significant that in his 2002 book "The World's Worst Warships" he makes no criticism of the Nelsons whatsoever, yet lists both Bismarck-class battleships and Deutschland-class "Panzerschiff" (pocket battleships) amongst the worst designs.[8]. The armour scheme was of the "all or nothing" principle; areas were either well protected, from the front of "A" barbette rearwards to the after 6-inch turrets, or were not protected at all, disposing of the multiple intermediate thickness of armour seen in older designs. Nevertheless these weapons were not generally considered by the RN to be as successful as the previous BL 15 inch Mark I but were considered more successful than the BL 14 inch Mark I fitted to the subsequent King George V class battleships. Box-deck recording single card | Weiss Schwarz KC / S67-075 Nelson-class battleship No. The Nelson class was a class of two battleships (Nelson and Rodney) of the British Royal Navy, built shortly after, and under the terms of, the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. The G3-class battlecruisers would carry 16-inch (406 mm) guns, and the proposed N3-class battleships would carry nine 18-inch (457 mm) guns, and would be the most powerful vessels afloat. This change in Director of Naval Ordnance policy was due to British testing of surrendered German equipment post World War I, although much later subsequent testing proved contradictory. Commissioned in 1927–29, the Nelsons served extensively in the Atlantic, Mediterranean, and Indian oceans during World War II. On 27 September 1941, Nelson's port torpedo station almost proved to be a liability when an Italian air-launched 18-inch torpedo holed the compartment behind the torpedo body room, allowing 3,750 tons of water to enter the ship. [3] The incorporation of many safety features, achieved with lighter materials, meant that the complex and relatively fragile equipment had to be serviced regularly over the ships' lifetime. As a countermeasure to the limited power, the hull was of a very efficient hydrodynamic form, to attain the best possible speed. While not heavily armed as some other battleships, Nelson was well protected and slightly more manuverable. The Lord Nelson class consisted of a pair of pre-dreadnought battleships built for the Royal Navy in the first decade of the twentieth century. "According to Winston Churchill's memoirs, a major modernisation was discussed to enable Nelson to serve for several years in the postwar fleet, but no other details have survived. They were the only British battleships built between the Revenge class (ordered in 1913) and the King George V class, ordered in 1936.. [3], The Nelson class was a revolutionary but compromised design, and unsurprisingly there were shortcomings. The Nelson class was a class of two battleships (Nelson and Rodney) of the British Royal Navy, built shortly after, and under the terms of, the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. This orientation also reduced the overall length of the armoured citadel. Virtually every light bulb in the forward section was shattered also. They were the only British battleships built between the Revenge class (ordered in … The Treaty limited all nations' battleships to 35,000 tons and 16-inch guns. Naval History Military History Malta History Navy Aircraft Carrier Capital Ship Royal Navy Battleship Armed Forces World War Two. [7] Despite the derisive criticism directed at this class of battleship by some of the media and 'old salts' of the navy upon their debut, well respected Naval Historian, Antony Preston declares that they were 'Soundly conceived ships reflecting all the hard-won experience of World War One' and 'they proved to be very well-protected and well-designed ships'. The Nelson class was a class of two battleships (Nelson and Rodney) of the British Royal Navy, built shortly after, and under the terms of, the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. As a result, water-filled internal anti-torpedo bulges could be incorporated, which did not contribute to the "dry" (standard) weights and therefore did not exceed the treaty displacement limits. [12] As a result, the guns of "X" turret were usually prohibited from firing abaft of the beam at high elevations during peacetime practice firing. They are often referred to as the first treaty battleships. The Nelson-class Cruisers where originally built by the Vulcan Yards for the Federal Space Forces, as a later replacement for the aging Atlas-class Battleships and later would be built by the new Apollo Shipyards; however the decision was made to keep the Atlas in service. 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